The Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act, generally known as Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, is a federal law that prohibits sex discrimination in education.
"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."
Legal Citation: Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and its implementing regulation at 34 C.F.R. Part 106 (Title IX).
US Department of Education - Title IX Fast Facts
The policy covers incidents of sexual harassment, sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, and other sexual misconduct experienced by a student, regardless of where or when it occurs, or by whom, whether between people of different sexes or the same sex, and regardless of the student's gender identity. (If you are unsure if an incident falls into any of these categories, contact the Title IX coordinator, who can assist with making the determination prior to your reporting of personally identifying information.)
No. Equal opportunity requires that all hiring practices be conducted in a nondiscriminatory manner. Affirmative action, under Executive Order 11246 (1965) and other federal laws, requires that adequate outreach and recruitment efforts be made to attract qualified individuals in order to have a diverse applicant pool. Affirmative action also means ensuring that women and minority employees are afforded equal treatment in the workplace, including access to training and promotion opportunities.